History of Ancient Israel

Ancient Israel: From Adam to Abram

Ancient Israel preserves its traditions through the use of genealogies. The history of Israel builds these genealogies in the old testament book of Genesis. Genealogies appear in many of the Old Testament books. The introduction of Jesus Christ in the New Testament begins in the book of Matthew with Jesus' genealogy.

Genesis is the first book in the Bible, and tells the story of creation, as well as unfolding the history behind the creation of Israel. An understanding of the Bible is critical when studying the nation of Israel in a historical perspective. Though not a history book, the Bible is one of the most ancient sources of history, providing names of Kings and cities once thought made up. Many of the names mentioned in Jewish literature have been proven to exist through archaeological finds.


The Garden of Eden : Where was the Garden of Eden? Genesis gives a detailed description of Eden's location. Two locations stand out among the many as the most intriguing. Israel's ancient roots were planted in the Garden. Explore the Garden of Eden along with possible locations for where it could have existed.

The Story of Adam and Eve : The story of Adam and Eve up to Eve's creation. Adam dwelt alone in the Garden of Eden initially. Together, he and Eve would be expelled from paradise. 

The Life of Adam and Eve : With the creation of Eve, Adam began a new life with his new partner. They originally lived in paradise on earth. A fateful decision would alter the course of human history forever.

Cain and Abel: The story of Cain and Able reaches back to the very first generation of man's existence. Satan's first attack on mankind is seen through Cain's treatment of Abel. The promised seed of the woman from Genesis 3 faced extinction in its infancy.

The Nephilim: The Nephilim lived in the days of Noah. These were some of the most mysterious and strange days the world has ever known. Noah was a direct descendant of Adam, and the great-grandson of Enoch . This was God's line of defense against the wickedness of these ancient days.

The Genesis Flood : The days of Noah led God to send His judgment down upon the earth. That judgment came in the form of a great, world-wide flood. The waters of this flood reached over 17,000 feet, killing all living things on the planet save those aboard Noah's ark. Ancient Israel was not the only civilization to speak of a worldwide flood.

The Sons of Noah : After the Genesis flood, it was up to Noah and his family to repopulate the earth. The responsibility ultimately fell on the shoulders of Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Some scholars believe Shem was actually Melchizedek , the Priest of the Most High God Abraham encountered after he rescued Lot.

The Trinity and the Sons of Noah: Al Ansley and Barbara Fulton have written an excellent and insightful article evaluating the Trinity in regards to the names of the three sons of Noah. This article includes principles of physics when analyzing and discussing the Holy Trinity, and applying it in an easy to understand way with Noah's sons.

Nimrod : In the days after the Biblical flood mankind did not take long to stray from God. Nimrod, the son of Cush and grandson of Ham, soon established the empire which would pave the way for the Babylonian system of worship. Nimrod became the founder of the first Babylonian Empire, and was the chief architect of the Tower of Babel.

The Tower of Babel:  Explore one of ancient Israel's most fascinating mysteries - the Tower of Babel. Investigate who built it, why, how, what materials were used, and the ultimate fate of those responsible in this compelling look at the Tower of Babel from Genesis 11.

Terah : Terah was the father of Abraham and responsible for keeping the family records after Shem. Together with Abraham and Lot, Terah set out from Ur for the land of Canaan. Terah stopped in Haran and stayed. Abraham and Lot would continue on to Canaan.

The Tabernacle of Moses : The Tabernacle of Moses helped shape ancient Israel into a nation. Built by Moses at Mt. Sinai, the tabernacle was God's House amidst His people. It led the Israelites through the wilderness and into the Promised Land. The Tabernacle of YHWH was the heart and soul of ancient Israel.

King David of Israel  :  King David is one of the most important individuals in all of Israel's history. He was the greatest king of ancient Israel, and was responsible for conquering Jerusalem and making it Israel's capital city.


Patriarchal Period - The history of ancient Israel from Adam and Eve to the Egyptian bondage. This section covers the story of Cain and Abel, the Patriarchs before and after the flood, the migration and population by the sons of Noah , the trip to Egypt by Jacob, and the following enslavement.

Mosaic Period - This section covers Ancient Israel from Moses through Joshua, including the deliverance of the Israelites out of slavery and their Exodus out of Egypt; and the subsequent conquest and resettlement of Canaan.

Period of the Judges - This covers the history of Israel contained in the books of Judges and I & II Samuel.  This period commences upon Joshua's successful campaigns into Canaan starting at Jericho. Famous Judges, such as Gideon, Samson and Jephthah fought off the Philistines and other enemies. The time span of this period depends on one's view of when the Exodus occurred. This book likely covers around 300 years.

The Monarchy - Also called The United Kingdom. It was established under Saul, David, and Solomon, and was the Golden Era in all of ancient Israel.  Saul and David were anointed by Samuel. Israelite culture flourished like never before as they dominated the Promise Land.

The Divided Kingdom - This period in Ancient Israel follows the death of Solomon, when the unified kingdom broke into 2 separate kingdoms - Israel in the North; and Judah in the South. This section of Israel history covers the break up, up to the eventual Babylonian Captivity.

CLICK HERE TO SHARE YOUR THOUGHTS. Are you a history buff? Do you enjoy the history behind ancient Israel? Click on the above link to provide your insight, ask questions, or post comments on Israel history!

Israel Travel Secrets! View this informative site about Israel and it's ancient heritage!

The Captivity - Two periods occurred which led to captivity of Israel. One was the fall of the northern Israel to Assyria in 721 BC. The second was the destruction of Israel and Jerusalem by the Babylonians in 586 BC. Jerusalem was lost and the Jews scattered. Ezekiel wrote from captivity in Babylon. The book of Daniel takes place in Babylon's capital. Esther would become Queen of Persia. Much of the Old Testament covers these two time periods.

Post Captivity - This part of the history of Israel concerns the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, and the last of the minor prophets. It was during this period that Cyrus allowed for the walls of Jerusalem to be rebuilt by Nehemiah. The New Testament picks up hundreds of years later, when Canaan was under the hand of Rome.

Not one archaeological finding has contradicted the Bible. It is a divinely inspired book, invaluable as a resource for the examination of God's relationship with man from ancient Israel to the present. Bible Basics is a wonderful guide to the study and understanding of Scripture.

Back to Home

Ancient Israel

Continue to Abraham

Share Your Thoughts on Ancient Israel

Are you a student of Israel? Do you love history? Do you live in Israel? Have you been to the Holy Land? Share your thoughts and experiences regarding Israel here!

What Others Have Said

Click below to see contributions from other visitors to this page...

Could some one please tell me when Joseph' brothers came to buy food, why they could not recognize him?

Noah and his triplet Sons were Gentiles  
NOAH'S TRIPLET SONS = ( Gen 5:32 KJV) And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth.. NOAH AND HIS SONS WERE GENTILES …

Abraham's Descendants Were All Hebrews 
Abraham was a Hebrew. He was not an Isralite or a Jew. Jacob was a Hebrew and so was Esau. God renamed Jacob Israel. That line fron Jacob became …

Tutankhamen’s DNA 99.6 percent match Western Europeans Appendix 3: Tutankhamen’s Male Lineage DNA is a 99.6 percent match with Western European Y Chromosomes …

The lost 10 tribes of Israel were Israelites, but they were never called Jews because they were not of the tribe of Judah. The were of the 10 of the 12 …

ISRAELITES WERE IN AMERICA BEFORE COLUMBUS! By Pastor Alan Campbell 1992 marked the 500th Anniversary of Columbus' voyage of discovery from Spain …

Israel and Egyptian history 
I would like to see Egyptian history correlated with Israelite history side by side. Who were the Pharoah's of Moses, Joseph, David etc. How is Africa …

Genesis 10 
This chapter of the Bible clearly shows us that the Jews and the Hebrews have different geneologies. The Hebrews, for example, are from the House of Shem. …

Jews vs Hebrews 
Exodus 2-19 says; "and they said, An Egyptian delivered us out of the hands of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us and watered the flock." …

The Israelites 
The Israelites are the blacks here and American, Hispanics, West Indians and Indian descent people from all around the world. The Lord scattered us …

How did the name YaH come into useage? The high point of popularity usage for the name YaH in Egypt can be found following the Middle Kingdom when …

Hebrew and Israelite Not rated yet
The Hebrews Abraham , Isaac and Jacob, who later has his name changed to Israel, never called El Shaddia by the forever name YHWH-YaH El Shaddia Exo 3:15 …

Click here to write your own.

Recent Articles

  1. The History of Ancient Israel

    Dec 25, 23 02:16 PM

    The Ancient Near East as it stands today.
    An easy to read history of ancient Israel from Old Testament times to today.

    Read More

  2. The Ancient City of Jericho

    Dec 18, 23 11:21 PM

    The Battle of Jericho and the Southern Campaign
    The city of Jericho is one of the most ancient cities on earth. The city played a crucial role in a number of Bible stories.

    Read More

  3. Story of Cain and Abel

    Dec 17, 23 01:20 PM

    The story of Cain and Abel is a tragic story of jealousy, rage and fratricide. It is the first murder in recorded history.

    Read More


Now Available in Print & eBook on Amazon!!

Click to Buy Now on Amazon


Learn more about these popular topics below. The Bible is full of fascinating stories, characters and mysteries!

King David of Israel

The Tower of Babel

The Book of Isaiah

The Sons of Noah

History of Jerusalem

Jesus in Jerusalem


Ancient Jerusalem


Explore the land of the Old Testament! View these maps of the Bible.

Map of Palestine

Map of Ancient Mesopotamia

Old Testament Map


The Battle of Jericho

A sketch of ancient Jerusalem