by Lujack Skylark
(United States)

(1)Egyptian king Pepi I was the first Egyptian king to use Nubian mercenaries in war against the Amorites, when Egyptian historians state Menes formulated Egyptian history over 1,000 years before Pepi I established relations with the five major African Cushite tribes. There are seven Cushite tribes. (Genesis 10:7) Five are African. Sheba and Dedan are Asian.

(2)Nubia borders Egypt and Nubians equaled a mere 10% of Elephantine, Egypt's population when Pepi I reigned over Egypt when the Egyptians of Elephantine elected their first Nubian mayor in Pepi I's reign. It took 1,000 years for an Egyptian city to elect their first Nubian mayor? It certainly seems like Manetho invented many Egyptian dynasties.

(3)Egyptian king Pepi II continued to use Nubian mercenaries in his army. Pepi II lived to be 100 years old; and Amorites burned down the Egyptian temple in Byblos and also killed seven Egyptian shipbuilders in Byblos; and Pepi II sent no troops against the Amorites whom attacked Pepi II's citizens late in his reign. Egyptians did, however, burn down the Amorite temple at Mendes, Egypt. Foreigners were traveling in Egypt during dangerous times as Abraham witnessed. (Genesis 12:10-12)

(4)Egyptian priest historian Manetho did not use the Sakkara kings list which shows after the last Memphis king Pepi II died, the next king to arise to power in Egypt was the Thebean Nubian king Mentuhotep II who had declared Thebes independent, used Nubian troops to put down Egyptian nomarch's in the civil war following Pepi II death and ended the civil war in his 39th year reigning at Thebes, uniting the nation after driving the Amorites out of Egypt's delta.

(5)Abraham made friends with the Amorites living in the plain of Mamre. (Genesis 14:13) Abraham made friends with Aner, Eshcol and Mamre (Genesis 14:24) when Mentuhotep II was involved in the Egyptian civil war. Abraham's army defeated Elamite king Kindattu/Chedorlaomer (Genesis 14:1) whose army had invaded Canaan. Kindattu had destroyed Abraham's hometown UR. Abraham slew Kindattu/Chedorlaomer (Genesis 14:17)

(6)The Thebean Nubian Mentuhotep II had twelve wells dug along the Egyptian Nubian trade route during a Middle-East drought. The Egyptian maid Hagar searched for water in the wilderness of Beersheba when she ran out of water. (Genesis 21:14-15) God then provided Hagar with a well. (Genesis 21:17-19) Abraham had a dispute with the Philistines over a well. (Genesis 21:25)

(7)The Thebean Nubian Mentuhotep III reopens trade with Punt (Somalia) which had been closed during Egypt's civil war. The Thebean Nubian Mentuhotep IV was assassinated by Amenemhet I who moved the Egyptian capital from Thebes to Itj-tawy. The Nubian Segerseni from lower Nubia would contest Amenemhet I right to the throne. Amenemhet I sends twenty ships with troops to fight Segerseni and Amenemhet I wins victory.

(8)Amenemhet I builds "Walls of the Ruler" to keep nomadic Amorites from Canaan out of Egypt. Abraham age 175 (Genesis 25:7) having lived through the reigns of Pepi II, Mentuhotep II-IV and through most of Amenemhet I reign dies after the "Walls of the Ruler" has been completed. Senusret I is called "Throat Sliter of Asiatics" He is the reason God told Isaac not to enter Egypt. (Genesis 26:2) Senusret I invades lower Nubia and appoints Egyptian governors over Nubian conquered people's.

(9)Amenemhet II wages war against Nubia in his 28th year of reigning over Egypt. Amenemhet II receives Nubian gold as tribute. Minoans from the island of Crete in Amenemhet II's 28th year bring him the Tod treasure. Senusret II also receives Nubian gold as tribute from Nubians visiting Egypt.

(10)Senusret III four times in his reign must put down Nubian rebellions. Senusret III's 8th year he stops Nubian immigration into Egypt. Senusret III invaded Canaan and Joseph worked with both the economies of Egypt and Canaan. The Hyksos Canaanite Amorites went to Egypt exchanging their horses for bread. (Genesis 47:13-17) Senusret III let the Hyksos/Canaanites immigrate to Egypt. Senusret III builds the fortress at Buhen, Nubia. Archaeologist found a horse skeleton under the fortress ramparts dated to Senusret III reign in 1959 A.D.

Joseph entered Egypt at age 17. (Genesis 37:2) Joseph died at age 110 (Genesis 50:26). Joseph spent 93 years in Egypt. Oxford History of Egypt by Ian Shaw 2000 A.D. states Senusret III's reign was 39 years, Amenemhet III 45 years and Amenemhet IV 9 years. (39 + 45 + 9 = 93 years!) Joseph entered Egypt in Senusret III's first year and died a few months before Amenemhet IV died.

Hyksos chieftains: Sheshi, Yakubher, Khyan and Apepi I resided at Avaris, Egypt serving Joseph during the reigns of Egyptian kings Senusret III, Amenemhet III and Amenemhet IV.


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Jan 21, 2018
Very powerful n interesting NEW
by: Rose Takis

I am. Blessed n eager to know more about Israel n it's people
Because the Bible says they are the chosen people

Apr 01, 2013
Minoan Frescoes in Ancient Egypt
by: Scott

Minoans were the mixed company in Exodus 12:38 who would leave with the Hebrews in the Exodus fleeing Egyptian king Thutmose III.

Minoan frescoes ceased to be painted in Amenhotep II's reign. Why? (1) The Minoans in Egypt disappeared in the Exodus (2) There were no more Minoans traveling to Egypt, for earthquakes had destroyed the Minoan island of Crete and the Minoans likely died from the gas fumes emitted from the Thera volcano.

Apr 01, 2013
Biblical History & Egyptian History Match
by: Cry in the Wilderness

Pumice from the Thera's eruption was subsequently collected at Tel el Daba, Egypt. This pumice and a scarab of Thutmose III were found in the same stratum! There is no doubt Thutmose III witnessed the 9th plague. There is no doubt Thutmose III is the Exodus pharaoh.

There are too many books written about Egyptian history where the authors of these books are making considerable profit by supporting Egyptian priest historian Manetho's agenda. Manetho's Egypt had fallen to the Greeks while the Jews had survived the Egyptians, Assyria and Babylonian armies and were living peaceful under Greek rule while he was inventing Egyptian history mixing fact with fiction. Still, over 300 authors have profited singing Manetho's same old 30 Egyptian dynasty song.

The Egyptian archaeologist Zahi Hawass, who often has stated there was no Moses or Exodus, fully knowing Egyptian kings blotted their defeats out of Egyptian history books would not record a Jewish presence in Egypt.

Our Bible clearly states in Exodus 1:8 a pharaoh arose in Egypt who knew not Joseph, so Joseph's name was purged from all Egyptian records before Moses was born.

Archaeologist Zahi Hawass keeps quiet about all the archaeological evidence supporting the ancient Israelis stay in Egypt. Then again, people of the Moslem faith who are threatening to blow Egypt's pyramids in Giza in the spirit of the Moslem Brotherhood, who looted Cairo's museum and destroyed Egyptian ancient artifacts, would issue a fatwa against Zahi Hawass if he ever admitted Joseph or Moses was ever in Egypt.

There needs to be a Christian or Jewish history channel which could give this research a chance to be known. The present history channel on the cable network television does nothing but invite speakers to interview who cast shadows over our Holy Scriptures.

The devil fiddles as our faith is under attack from all sources. We do live in the modern age where knowledge has become more abundant. (Daniel 12:3-4) We still have the internet where we can reach the world with this information before the 57 Islamic nations in the United Nations declare all non-Moslem religious literature as hate speech in their war to suppress all non-Moslem religions.

We know in their Koran its their duty to take over the world for Allah. Eventually it will be the Jewish prophet Ezekiel prophecies vs. the Moslem prophecies of Mohammad; and its the God of Israel who will be sanctified. (Ezekiel 38:23)

For those who say the Bible is a book of legends and mythology, Christians and Jews wanting to counter the attacks on God's word can present the evidence given here, where ancient history and archaeology is verifying our God's word.

Should we support or deny God's word while free speech on the internet is still available?

Apr 01, 2013
Archaeologist Simcha Jacobovici & Biblical History
by: Anonymous

Archaeologist Simcha Jacobovici on the History Channel almost got the Exodus date right. Simcha stated 1500 B.C. was the Exodus date. (1495 B.C. is the actual date). Simcha, however, believes Ahmose was the Exodus pharaoh.

Simcha used pumice dated from Thera explosion to show the darkness which could be felt (ash) from Thera's explosion created darkness over Egypt for three days (Exodus 10:21-22) = The ninth plague. Simcha fails to mention late in Thutmose III's reign Egyptian artisans were making idols from pumice. (Thutmose III was the Exodus pharaoh for 40 years after he died in 1455 B.C., in Biblical Chronological Time Joshua destroyed Jericho in Amenhotep III's reign)

Simcha stated in the past the Beni Hasan tomb paintings were made around 1700 B.C., the time Jacob entered Egypt. Again Simcha is almost right. Jacob entered Egypt in 1702 B.C.; but Beni Hasan's tomb showing Canaanite merchants trickling into Egypt biblical chronology time was 1743-1724 B.C., when Senusret II reign is when Beni Hasan had died.

(Senusret III is the Egyptian king who appointed Joseph as governor over Egypt)

Apr 01, 2013
Moslem & Russian Agendas Oppose God's Truth
by: Lujack Skylark

Your comments about the Middle-East are spot on. The communist Russian, Chinese and the radical Jihadist agenda are against Judeo/Christian values.

I feel when the Moslems on the Temple Mount are deliberately destroying Jewish artifacts and history, along with the Russian and Chinese propaganda against Christians - Judeo Christain enemies greatest victories are tearing down historical truths to advance their own agenda.

People are destroyed by lack of knowledge in this modern world, becoming more against Christian and Jews each day.

Research given here does not give the communist Russians and Chinese a free ride of support for their propaganda. The world media may support the Jihadist agenda in all their sly efforts to undermine Israel's security, but this research exposes its God's word which rings true, whether its ancient world history or Bible prophecy showing us we are living in the last days.

Modern mankind in this age does not appear to take interest in historical events, thus feeding further into communist and Jihadist interest. Just the other day a Jewish synagogue was looted and set afire in Damascus and the world media missed the story about a 2,000 year old Jewish synagogue going up in smoke.

The enemies of our Bible are after our heritage. Why not continue the fight against them by using the research given here and spread the news to our family, friends and neighbors before our rights to freedom of worship in the United States is taken away?

The ancient Egyptians hated the Hebrew shepherds (Genesis 46:34). The ancient Egyptians blotted Joseph's name from all Egyptian records BEFORE Moses was born. (Exodus 1:8) Egyptian priest Manetho's historical writings confirm he hated the Jewish people and those who do not challenge his writings are letting Israel's modern enemies win the hearts, minds and souls of people living around the world.

The communists and the Jihadist are educating the world to their beliefs. Why should Christians and Jews remain silent about research actively supporting our Holy Scriptures?

Apr 01, 2013
by: Anonymous

Regardless of how accurate our knowledge is of ANCIENT HISTORY regarding an area considered the birthplace of civilization...we still suffer from never-ending wars waged in this area by despots that only want to enslave the world... not to mention the concern with the communist Russian and Chinese support of Middle East wars in opposition to the policy of the USA and European democratic countries.

Mar 31, 2013
Tel-Amarna Letters the Untold Story
by: Anonymous

Kassite kings Kurigalzu 1448-1439 B.C., Kadashman-Harbe 1438-1429 B.C. and Burnaburiash II 1428-1399 B.C. and Egyptian king Akenaton 1424-1407 B.C.

Burnaburiash sends Akenaton a letter about his ancestor Kurigalzu I not joining a plot with the Canaanites to start a rebellion against Akenaton's father Amenemhet III 1462-1424 B.C.

I find this quite interesting, since it was in 1455 B.C. when Joshua destroyed Jericho and Amenhotep III's scarabs were the last artifacts
placed at Jericho before the city of Jericho was destroyed.

It seems like the crafty Canaanites were not really interested in rebellion against Egypt. The Canaanites actually wanted to draw the Kassites into Canaan to fight the Israelites!

Kurigalzu I refused to help the Canaanites, so thereafter the Canaanites raided Kassite caravans heading to Egypt, and Kassite king Burnaburiash now taking heavy losses was seeking compensation from Egyptian king Akenaton.

This information once again backs up God's word and proves God protected the Israelites from their foreign enemies!

Since Amenhotep III is pegged at 1462-1424 B.C., Thutmose IV at 1471-1462 B.C. and Amenhotep II reign at 1495-1471 B.C. Thutmose III's career ended in 1495 B.C., at the Red Sea some 40 years before Jericho was destroyed.

The Canaanites could have sent that letter to Kurigalzu 1448-1439 B.C. right after the five Amorite kings (Joshua 10:17-26) were slain, when Joshua had fought the war in the valley of Ajalon. (Joshua 10:12-14)

Mar 31, 2013
What Do Egyptian Queens Tell Us?
by: Maria

Egyptian priest Manetho didn't take kindly to some Egyptian queens. Its interesting Manetho may have made up queen Nitocris the daughter of Pepi II. Manetho said Egyptian officials killed Nitocris brother, and she had Nubians build an underground banquet where she invited the conspirators to a banquet, and later those who had slew her brother were drunk, her slaves opened a slab and waters from the Nile quickly drowned her enemies. Nitocris later had her slaves set fire to her palace and she perished in the flames.

The fair complexioned Nitocris, if the story was true, died only a few years after the fair skin Semitic origin Sarah (Genesis 12:11) had left Egypt. How tragically the 6th dynasty ended.

Queen Sobeknefru seems like another queen living in tragic times. She worshipped the crocodile goddess Sobek hoping the goddess would defend her from her enemies, and she dressed like a man in her effort to remain in power, being the last ruler of the 12th Egyptian dynasty.

Imagine if this research is correct. Sobeknefru falls from power. Then Ahmose, Amenhotep I and Thutmose I follow her reign. Thutmose I's daughter would become queen Hatshepsut, around 79 years after queen Sobeknefru's death. Queen Hatshepsut would reign and start dressing like a man.

Thutmose I plan was to kill all the Hebrew male babies (Exodus 1:15-16). He wanted the fair skinned Hebrew female babies alive for Egyptian men to marry them when they got older, thus destroying the Hebrew people.

The conditions for Abraham in Egypt were no different. The Egyptian men would want to kill him to obtain his wife. (Genesis 12:11-12) These Egyptians he did confront lead him to Pepi II, who already had a fair skinned wife named Neith.

Mentuhotep II chose a dark skinned Nubian princess for his wife and Egyptian servants waited upon them.

Egyptian queen Tausert went after fair complexion Syrian men. Queen Tausert was in love with her Syrian butler Bay. Judge Gideon had defeated the children from the East (Syria) whom were consuming Israel's food supplies (Jugdes 6:3-4 and Judges 6:13-8:35) when Queen Tausert came to the Egyptian throne. The Syrians were fleeing Assyrian king Tukulti-Ninurta I's persecution.

Mar 31, 2013
Tel-Amarna letters
by: Raymond

Tel Amarna letters name four foreign kings paying Egyptian king Akenaton tribute. Apparently, Bible chronology is being used here to date Egyptian kings.

How will the four foreign kings reigns play out when Akenaton's reign is 1424-1407 B.C.?

Assyrian king Ashur-Uballit 1413-1376 B.C. Kassite king Burnaburiash 1428-1399 B.C.
Hittite king Suppiluliumas 1428-1392 B.C. Mitanni king Tushratta 1445-1406 B.C.

Tushratta is Akenaton's uncle. Tushratta is Cushan-Rishathaim. (Judges 3:8-11) Judge Othniel defeats Cushan-Rishathaim's army in 1410 B.C. The Hittite king Suppiluliumas army then stirs up rebellion in the Mitanni provinces. Tushratta had a military alliance with Akenaton, who doesn't back up the Mitanni king. Hittite troops extend their control to Hobah, Syria (Genesis 14:15) where Abraham once pursued his enemies. The Hittites appeared to be on peaceful terms with the Israelites. Tushratta then is killed in a Mitanni civil war.

Notice the Israelis were settled and the Egyptian forces did not bother them. The Egyptians number one enemy were the Hittites, whom the Egyptians fought north of Canaan after Egyptian king Tut died.

We see modern historians not making the Nubian Egyptian connection, but modern historians are also not linking Assyrian, Kassite, Hittite and Mitanni history together to make a clearer picture of ancient Middle-East history.

Archaeology and history should be in alignment and let the truth bear witness. The history channel wants us to believe that Egyptian king Akenaton was responsible for the Hebrews worshiping one god; but the year Moses died was 1455 B.C. - the same year Joshua destroyed Jericho when Akenaton's father Amenhotep III reigned over Egypt as Amenhotep III's scarabs were found there dated to the time of Jericho's destruction.

Too bad the history channel is not open to opposing viewpoints. Thank-you for letting me express my opinion.

Note From Editor:

All well-thought out and relevant viewpoints and opinions are encouraged. This is one example of such. This Blog Thread is of the greatest importance, and very interesting. Thank all of you who read and contribute, and please continue to do so in the future. These discussions are very important and relevant, especially in the time we live in where truth is hard to find.

Mar 31, 2013
Ancient Hittite History
by: Jasper

Hittite king Mursilas reigns 1625-1595 B.C. and he is assassinated by Hantilas.

Hantilas reigns 1595-1564 B.C. and his sons are assassinated by Zidanta.

Zidanta reigns 1564-1551 B.C. gives tribute to Egyptian king Thutmose I. Zidanta is assassinated by his son Ammuna.

Ammuna reigns peacefully 1551-1529 B.C.

Ammuna's son Huzziya 1529-1513 B.C. pays Egyptian king Thutmose III tribute. Huzziya tries slaying his son-in-law Telepinus, who has Huzziya arrested.

Hittite king Telepinus 1513-1489 B.C. draws up the Hittite document "Laws of Succession" trying to end the Hittite assassinations.

Hittite king Tudhaliyas I 1489-1467 B.C. army threatens both Egyptian and Mitanni interests in Syria.

The Egyptian king Thutmose IV 1471-1462 B.C. marries the daughter of Mitanni king Aratatma I 1476-1455 B.C. in a military alliance against the Hittites.

Hittite king Arunwandas I 1467-1444 B.C. loses wars against the Egyptians and Mitanni.

Hittite king Tudhaliyas II 1444-1428 B.C., according to a poem written by his grandson Mursilas II, was slain by his son Suppiluliumas I 1428-1392 B.C.

Hittite king Suppiluliumas I 1428-1392 B.C. sent tribute to Amenhotep III 1462-1424 B.C. wishing the sickly king good health in his last years.

Hittite king Suppiluliumas I lived through the reigns of Egyptian kings Amenhotep III, Akenaton 1424-1407 B.C., Semenkare 1407-1406 B.C., Tutankhamon 1406-1396 B.C. and Ay 1396-1392 B.C.

Tutankhamon's widow wanted to marry one of Hittite king Suppiluliumas's younger sons and Ay had the Hittite king son killed. A bloody war followed. Archaeologist on the history channel state Tut had died of plague. Captured Egyptian soldiers brought the plague with them to the Hittite empire. Both Suppiluliumas and his son Arunwandas II 1392-1391 B.C. died of plague.

Hittite king Mursilas II 1391-1363 B.C. proclaimed his father Suppiluliumas had angered the gods by assassinating his father Tudhaliyas II, thus bringing about this plague.

(Some Hittite historians try claiming there was a Zidanta II, Ammuna II and Huzziya II but cross checking with Egyptian history and Mursilas II revealing Tudhaliyas II was Suppiluliumas father helps clear up actual Hittite history.)

Mar 31, 2013
Ahmose son of Ebana
by: Jasper

Let us shed light on the Nubian Theban Ahmose family by studying Ahmose son of Ebana, who served as a sailor in the reigns of Ahmose, Amenhotep I and Thutmose I.

(1)Ahmose son of Ebana, whose father served the Nubian Theban Seqenenre Tao, who had used Kerma Nubian troops against Hyksos king Apepi I. Ebana might be the real verification of Egyptian history.

(2)Ahmose son of Ebana was rewarded with gold seven times by king Ahmose and also witnessed the fall of the Hyksos Canaanites at Sharuhen, Canaan late in Ahmose reign.

(3) Ahmose tells us about a Nubian named Aata, who meets doom against king Ahmose's army and;

(4)The Egyptian rebel Tetian who was killed by Ahmose.

(5)Sailor Ahmose then commands the ship Djedkare
in Amenhotep I reign, when Egypt furiously turns against the Nubians. Amenhotep I calls sailor Ahmose "Warrior of the Ruler".

(6)Ahmose of Ebana then goes to war against the Syrians and Thutmose I gives him a nice tomb as his reward.

What is missing in Ahmose of Ebana's report?
What about the Minoan connection?

(7)Both Amenemhet III and Amenemhet IV had close ties with the Minoans. Did Minoan history suddenly stop with Amenemhet IV's death? The Abydos Egyptian kings list lists Ahmose as the next ruler of Egypt after Amenemhet IV dies. Any proof?

(8)Yes. Ahmose's mother was buried with a Minoan ceremonial ax showing us Minoan connections remained intact with Egypt during Egypt's civil war.

(9)Ahmose the sailor did not give much details about Thutmose I's war in Syria, but Hittite king Zidanta (1564-1551 B.C.) having killed off all of Hittite king Hantilas (1595-1564 B.C.)sons became quite frightened of Egypt and paid Thutmose I tribute.

(10)It appears Thutmose III did perish in 1495 B.C. for his grandfather Thutmose I to receive tribute from the Hittite king Zidanta.

Mar 31, 2013
Ancient Egyptian Execration Texts
by: Richard

Execration Texts inscriptions on pottery cursing Egypt's enemies first appeared in Senusret III's reign.

This was at the same time Canaanites were migrating into Egypt and Joseph was securing all the land in Egypt for the king (Genesis 47:20-22) except for the priests lands.

Execration Texts inscriptions were also found on Nubian pottery at the time when Senusret III banned Nubian immigration into Egypt.

Mar 31, 2013
Did Senusret III listen to Joseph?
by: Exposing Manetho

Abraham lived 1992-1817 B.C. Isaac 1892-1712 B.C. Jacob 1832-1685 B.C.
Joseph 1741-1631 B.C.

Joseph, age 17 (Genesis 37:2), came to Egypt in 1724 B.C. which was the first year of Senusret III's reign when we eliminate all Manetho's mythical Egyptian kings and discover Thutmose III did not perish in 1440 B.C.

Thutmose III died in 1495 B.C. since king Solomon's real reign is 1019-979 B.C. Solomon's 4th year, 1015 B.C., some 480 years after the Exodus (1 Kings 6:1).

Thutmose III's reign started 55 years earlier. Solomon's reign did not start in 964 B.C. Solomon's reign started in 1019 B.C., some 55 years earlier.

IF you don't believe me look up the Judah kings reign of years and tally them up from 1019-979 B.C. and Judah's last king Zedekiah's reign will end in 586 B.C., like most historians will agree.

Rehoboam's reign at 979-962 B.C. (1 Kings 14:21) means Shishak came up against Jerusalem in 974 B.C. (1 Kings 14:25) and he died a few months later some 521 years after the Exodus. Shishak did not die in 919 B.C. Shishak died 55 years earlier.

When was Senusret III's 19th year?
(1) 1724-1723 B.C.
(2)1723-1722 B.C.
(3)1722-1721 B.C.
(4)1721-1720 B.C.
(5)1720-1719 B.C.
(6)1719-1718 B.C.
(7)1718-1717 B.C.
(8)1717-1716 B.C.
(9)1716-1715 B.C.
(10)1715-1714 B.C.
(11)1714-1713 B.C.
(12) 1713-1712 B.C.
(13)1712-1711 B.C.
(14) 1711-1710 B.C.
(15) 1710-1709 B.C.
(16) 1709-1708 B.C.
(17) 1708-1707 B.C.
(18) 1707-1706 B.C.
(19) 1706-1705 B.C.

When was Joseph's 7 year (Genesis 41:30) worldwide famine?

(Genesis 41:57) Joseph 1741-1631 B.C.

Jacob enters Egypt at age 130 in 1702 B.C. in the second year of famine. (Genesis 45:6) and (Genesis 47:9).

Joseph age 30 in 1711 B.C. became the Egyptian governor. The seven years of plenty were from 1711-1704 B.C.

Joseph in 1702 B.C. was 39 years old.

It seems like Senusret III in his 19th year attacked Nubia, and a few months after his bountiful harvest, closer to the 20th year since the Nile river was so low, his Egyptian navy after attacking Nubia barely made it back to Egypt.

It was also in the middle of Senusret III's 39 year reign the power of the land owning nomarch's ceased to exist and these noamarch's were no longer able to build lavish tombs.

Or could the margin for error be one year off?

Its not like Egyptian priest Manetho's accounting, where the numbers always seem to be hundreds of years off the mark.

Mar 30, 2013
Ancient Egypytian Mines at Serabit el-Khamdim
by: Truman

Egyptian kings Amenemhet III and Amenemhet IV had their expeditions make repeated trips to the prosperous mines at Serabit el-Khamdim.

The Canaanite Hyksos were on very friendly terms with the Egyptians. The Canaanites were given titles indicating they were not slaves but worked on their own free will securing turquoise for these two Egyptian kings at Serabit el-Khamdim.

The mines appear to have been abandoned after Amenemhet IV died, but the Canaanite Hyksos knew where the mines were. The mines at Wadi Maghara were abandoned as well. Why didn't anyone profit from those mines?

Those names of Egyptian kings from after Amenemhet IV died until Amenhotep I reigned - not one of those kings were interested in securing wealth from the turquoise mines at Serabit el-Khamdim or at Wadi Maghara?

Its totally remarkable! I can see where Ahmose couldn't get his greedy hands on this wealth, for Ahmose ended the Egyptian civil war late in his reign, but Egyptian priest Manetho must really believe we are fools to believe it took from the time of Amenemhet IV death to Amenhotep I's reign for Egypt to become wealthy again.

The 232 years from Amenemhet IV death to Ahmose being crowned king is about the same amount of years in the gap matching Egyptian pottery with Canaanite and Syrian pottery.

It seems strange archaeologist would let the 13-17th Egyptian dynasties still stand, but the archaeologist Manfred Bietak found this pit with Ahmose artifacts on the top and Amenemhet IV artifacts on the bottom which indicates the 12th dynasty ended and Ahmose 18th dynasty began; but then Manfred Bietak decided to divide the strata into 9 parts stating each layer should represent 30 years in time so he could find support for the 13-17th Egyptian dynasties. (Oxford History of Egypt. Ian Shaw. 2000 A.D. page 190.)

Some people will go to great links to show their support for Egyptian priest historian Manetho, who loved mixing history with mythology; and some people in our modern age simply won't make the effort in the search for truth.

Mar 30, 2013
430 years from Abraham leaving Ur to the Exodus
by: James

The last 12 years of Pepi II (lawlessness)
The..... 51 years of Mentuhotep II (drought)
The..... 12 years of Mentuhotep III (peace)
The..... 7 years of Mentuhotep IV (asassination)

(12 + 51 + 12 + 7 = 82 years)

The..... 30 years of Amenemhet I (insecurity)
The..... 36 years of Senusret I (Nubian annexed)
The..... 34 years of Amenemhet II (Minoans arrive)
The..... 19 years of Senusret II (peaceful)
The..... 39 years of Senusert III (worldwide famine. Pharoah takes nomarch's land)

The..... 45 years of Amenemhet III(Faiyum irrigation project completed)
The..... 9 years of Amenemhet IV (Sinai turqouise mines still prospering)
The..... 3 years of queen Sobekneferu (Sinai turqouise mines are closed)

(30 + 36 + 34 + 19 + 39 + 45 + 9 + 3 = 215 years)

The..... 25 years of Ahmose (Egyptian civil war)
The..... 21 years of Amenhotep I (Sinai turqouise mines are once again open)
The..... 87 years of Thuutmose I-III (Princess Hatshepsut having no male sons adopts Moses. Thutmose III is the Exodus pharoah)

(25 + 21 + 87 = 133)(82 + 215 + 133 = 430 years)

In Amenemhet IV's reign the Sinai turqouise mines were open. According to Egyptian historians there are over 200+ years from Amenemhet IV's death until Amenhotep I reopens those prosperous mines. This would be like shutting down a bank for over 200+ years. It would make no sense. Whoever reigned over Egypt would make sure turqouise was taken out of those mines.

It seems like the Saqqara and Abydos Egyptian kings list are right. Amenemhet IV died and the next king arising to power was Ahmose, who was involved in the Egyptian civil war which concluded near the end of his reign where he had no time for mining operations in the Sinai, so Amenhotep I his son, living in peace since the Hyksos Canaanites had been defeated at Sharuhen, Canaan, had the time to reopen the turqouise mines.

Mar 30, 2013
About Mentuhotep II's Temple at Deir el-Bahari
by: Anonymous

Leon, Mentuhotep II's style of having a mortuary temple near his tomb and another mortuary temple near the Nile river is patterned after the Old Kingdom dynasties, but the temple at Deir el-Bahari architecture is revolutionary in style for Mentuhotep II having a terraced temple, open court ways building his temple on a rocky hillside and building his temple corridors facing east towards the sun indicating sun-god Re worship. The Temple at Deir el-Bahari is different
from all other temples constructed before it.

The Temple at Deir el-Bahari is more people friendly than the temples built before by Egyptian kings reserved only for special occasions.

Mar 30, 2013
Archaeologist Janine Bourriau
by: Tom

Archaeologist Janine Bourriau, in the Oxford History of Egypt by Ian Shaw 2000 A.D. pp.196-197, says at Memphis there is missing the presence of Middle Age Bronze traits from the late Amenemhet Senusret dynasty onwards. Few imports of Canaanite pottery less than 2% at Memphis and 20-40% at Avaris. There is no cultural break from the 13 to near the end of the 17th dynasty. Janine Bourriau states the Hyksos Canaanites were Egyptianized. The 13th so-called dynasty used 12th dynasty pottery and onward to the time Ahmose father Seqenenre Tao late 17th dynasty arose to power. There was no cultural break.

Janine Bourriau could not verify all the kings listed from after Amenemhet IV died until the Ahmose family arose to power. She gave out only a few names, yet the no cultural break indicates the Saqqara and Abydos Egyptian kings list are right. The king arising to power after Amenemhet IV dies winning victory against the Amenemhet/Senusret kings is the Nubian Theban Ahmose.

What this seems to mean, the Hyksos Canaanites were using 12th dynasty Amenemhet/Senusret pottery until the time in the late 17th dynasty when the Nubian Theban Seqenenre Tao and Kamose artifacts were found in the war against Hyksos Canaanite leader Apepi I.

Archaeologist Janine Bourriau's discoveries at Lisht and Dashur show no signs presence of the Canaanite Hyksos at all. It does appear the Hyksos Canaanites were Egyptianized. It was actually the Egyptian kings Senusret III, Amenemhet III and Amenemhet IV whom Egyptianized the Hyksos Canaanites.

Mar 29, 2013
Mentuhotep II carried out Memphis dynasty traditions
by: Leon

Egyptian architecture shows Mentuhotep II's mortuary complex was similar to mortuary complexes of the Memphis dynasty kings Pepi I and Pepi II.

Mentuhotep II carried out the traditions of Pepi I in his second nomen which reads "The son of Hathor, the lady of Dendera, Mentuhotep." The reference to Hathor is similar to the titulary of Pepi I.

Perhaps the Nubians liked Pepi I, for Pepi I had good trade relations with the Nubians and Nubian chieftains prospered by hiring out Nubians for the Egyptian army.

The Theban pharaoh Mentuhotep II's sister was named Iah after the moon-god Iah. The Theban pharaoh Ahmose worshiped the moon-god Iah. Both Theban kings won victories in their civil wars.

Mentuhotep II built his temple at Deir el-Bahari.
Mentuhotep II gave reference to the cow goddess Hathor. Queen Hatshepsut built her temple at Deir el-Bahari. Queen Hatshepsut worshiped the cow goddess Hathor.

Mar 29, 2013
Archaeology of the Bible part II
by: Truth Matters

Joseph managed both the economies of Canaan and Egypt. (Genesis 47:13-17) Senusret III also in Egyptian literature took over the Egyptian nomarch's vast estates. Our Bible reveals Joseph acquired all the land for the pharaoh except for the priests land. (Genesis 47:20-22) Senusret III also stopped Nubian immigration into Egypt. Amenemhet III completed Bahr Yusef (Joseph's canal)

The Tel-Amarna letters written to Amenhotep III stated the Haribu (Hebrews) had invaded Canaan; and the last artifacts discovered of Jericho having trade with Egypt before Jericho was destroyed were Amenhotep III's scarabs, proving Joshua destroyed Jericho forty years after the Exodus pharaoh Thutmose III had died.

Tracing Egyptian history backwards from Thutmose III (1 Kings 6:1 chronology) we discover Thermuthis princess Hatshepsut was the princess who saved infant Moses. (Exodus 2:5-10) Therefore Hatshepsut's father Thutmose I was the pharaoh who sought to slay all Hebrew male babies. (Exodus 1:15-16)

Mar 29, 2013
The Hyksos Canaanite 15th 108 year dynasty
by: Jerod

Interesting reading, so why aren't Christians and Jews buzzing the internet with this research supporting our Holy Scriptures? There are so many websites mocking our Bible. Why keep this a secret?

Egyptian priest Manetho's account of Egyptian history has basically remained unchallenged for 2300 years.

Egyptian historians basically rehash the same old history every time a book on Egyptian history is written.

Notice the emptiness in the history after Egyptian king Pepi II and before the arise of Mentuhotep II? The Saqqara scribe seemed to be truthful in eliminating the so-called kings after Pepi II and before Mentuhotep II.

Notice the emptiness in the history after Egyptian king Amenemhet IV dies and before the arise of Ahmose. Both the Saqqara and Abydos Egyptian kings lists seem truthful in eliminating the so-called kings after after Amenemhet IV and before Ahmose, except its believable the Hyksos Canaanites arriving in Senusret III reign: Sheshi, Yakubher, Khyan and Apepi I had served Senusret III, Amenemhet III and Amenemhet IV since it was Senusret III who annexed Canaan and opened the door to Hyksos Canaanite migration into Egypt.

Some Egyptian archaeologist working in Egypt's delta state the Hyksos Canaanites adopted Egyptian ways and did not come as conquerors like Manetho had stated. It was only Apepi I, around his 29th year as a Hyksos leader, went on the warpath against Nubian Theban Ahmose father Seqenenre Tao. The Hyksos/Canaanite entry into Egypt is recorded in Genesis 47:13-17 as they peacefully traded their horses for bread.

Egyptian historians claim the Hyksos/Canaanite kings existed in Egypt for 108 years. (15th dynasty) Senusret III's reign was 39 years, so in his 8th year, if he restricted Nubian immigration and let the Canaanite Hyksos start living in Egypt, the Hyksos Canaanite chieftains would be in Egypt 31 years in Senusret III's reign, 45 years in Amenemhet III's reign 9 years in Amenemhet IV reign 3 years in queen Sobekneferu's reign and the 20th year in Ahmose reign. Ahmose would have driven the Hyksos out of Egypt and defeated them at Sharuhen, Canaan. (31 + 45 + 9 + 3 + 20 = 108 years)

Why aren't Christian and Jews buzzing the internet with this research supporting our Holy Scriptures?

Mar 29, 2013
Archaeology Confirmation of the Bible
by: Truth Matters

Pepi II's last years were indeed chaotic. God's word tells us Abraham visited an Egyptian king who was plagued. (Genesis 12:17) The Ipuwer Papyrus depicts a topsy turvey world where the poor slaves have become rich, warfare, famine and death are everywhere.

The Ipuwer Papyrus, I believe, shows the moral decline in Egypt around the time of Pepi II's final years and the warfare, famine and death which follows into Nubian Theban Mentuhotep II's reign, where he fights Egyptian nomarch's for control over all of Egypt. (Egyptian historians want you to believe there were hundreds of chaotic years from Pepi II's death until Mentuhotep II arose to power, yet it seems like Mentuhotep II some 39 years after Pepi II died put an end to this chaos.)

Climatologist suggest also there were hundreds of years of drought conditions attempting to support Egyptian Manetho's flawed Egyptian history, but who are the other so-called Egyptian kings Manetho lists after Pepi II's reign before Mentuhotep II who experienced drought? I would like to know.

Abraham lived through the lifetimes of Pepi II, Mentuhotep II-IV and twenty-six years into Amenemhet I's reign. Abraham lived to be 175 years old. (Genesis 25:7)

The Hekanakhte letters were written by a rich Egyptian farmer who stated there was famine in Egypt during Senusret I reign, the pharaoh who in Egyptian literature was called "Throat Sliter of Asiatics". Senusret I must have been the reason God told Isaac not to enter Egypt. (Genesis 26:2)

Beni Hasan died in Senusret II reign. Beni Hasan tomb shows Canaanites beginning to trickle into Egypt.

The Egyptian temple at Karnak, Egypt reveals Senusret III had a skirmish with the Amorites near Shechem, Canaan. Our Bible shows Jacob's family had killed the males of Shechem, Canaan. (Genesis 34:25) Our Bible shows Jacob moving to Bethel (Genesis 35:1) and God terrorizing the Amorite cities around Shechem. (Genesis 35:5) Senusret III then annexed Canaan.

Mar 29, 2013
Its the Wise Who Seek Knowledge
by: Bookworm

Any wise person looking at the bas reliefs in Egyptian tombs can see the Theban Mentuhotep II was a Nubian. Mentuhotep II's daughters are Nubian pictured as having Egyptian servents waiting on them.

Mentuhotep II worshipped the black skinned god Osiris, the deified Cushite Nimrod who had built cities in Sumer/Shinar, whose first city was Babel. (Genesis 10:8-10 & Genesis 11:2-9)

The Memphis king Pepi II had worshipped the Egyptian god Ptah the deified (Path rusim) in (Genesis 10:14). Pathrusim's father was Mizraim (Genesis 10:6), Cush's brother. Pathrusim therefore was Nimrod's cousin.

Pathrusim had created the Egyptian nation which biblically was called Pathros. (Ezekiel 29:14)

Mar 29, 2013
Real Ancient Egyptian History - the 12 Steps to Truth
by: John

I believe the Saqqara Egyptian kings list most accurately outlines ancient Egyptian history except for two flaws. The Saqqara Egyptian king list leaves out Mentuhotep IV and queen Hatshepsut before the Hebrew Exodus from Egypt.

(1)Pepi II's chaotic last years matches Genesis 12:10-12

(2)Mentuhotep II's drought and wells dug shows drought in the entire Middle-East matching (Genesis 21:15-19) Hagar's search for water and Abraham's dispute about a well. (Genesis 21:25)

(3)Amenemhet I's "Walls of the Ruler" is a warning for Isaac to stay out of Egypt also

(4)Senusret I reign a farmer named Hekanakhte in letters stated there was famine in Egypt. Senusret I was known as the "Throat Slitter of Asiatics." Isaac's life was saved by staying out of Egypt. (Genesis 26:2)

(4)Amenemhet II begins importing 1567 Semitic slaves from Tunip, Syria

(5)Beni Hasan's tomb erected in Senusret II's reign shows Canaanites beginning to filter into Egypt.

(6)Senusret III had campaigned near Shechem, a city where Jacob & his family had fled as God terrorized the surrounding Canaanite cities. (Genesis 35:1-6) Senusret III annexed Canaan. Joseph worked with both the economies of Egypt and Canaan. (Genesis 47:13-17)

(7)Amenemhet III completed Bahr Yusef (Joseph's canal)

(8)Joseph brought prosperity for Egyptian kings Senusret III, Amenemhet III & Amenemhet IV

(9)Ahmose hated foreigners in Egypt. Ahmose likely purged Joseph's name from all Egyptian records so a later pharaoh would arise who knew not Joseph.

(10)Thutmose I & princess Hatshepsut are likely the king in Exodus 1:15-16 and the Princess in Exodus 2:5-10. Thermuthis who was princess Hatshepsut.

(11)Thutmose III was most likely the Exodus king according to the 480 years from the Exodus to Solomon's 4th year. (1 Kings 6:1)

Other evidence? The Hebrews spent 40 years in the wilderness.

(12)Amenhotep III was the Egyptian king after the Hebrews spent 40 years in the wilderness. The Tel-Amarna letters claim the Haribu (Hebrews) had invaded Canaan.

Mar 28, 2013
Why Do Historians Remain Silent about Manetho?
by: Spencer

Its amazing Egyptian priest Manetho who wrote Egyptian history around 280 B.C. hasn't really ever been challenged.

I have studied the drawings in Egyptian tombs and also heard the results of DNA discoveries about these various Egyptian kings.

(1)There is the evidence Manetho's Egyptian kings list is a lot shorter than he proclaims.

(2)Many names on Manetho's Egyptian kings list have no history to back up their existence.

(3)Egyptian priest Manetho's 7th dynasty is really pathetic. Seventy kings in seventy days. Egyptian historians know this is a lie. They don't investigate.

(4)Pepi II was Egypt's last king listed in Egypt's 6th dynasty. Some so-called kings listed after Pepi II were nomarch's not kings and others did not exist at all. Pepi II was a monument builder, proof he existed. The next monument builder was the Thebean Nubian Mentuhotep II, whose reign actually followed Pepi II as recorded in the Sakkara kings list.

(5)Egyptian priest Manetho hated the Jewish people, for they still existed and Egypt's glorious history was over as the Greeks now had control over his Egyptian nation. Manetho made the claim the Hebrews had leprosy as they were forced to flee Egypt. Manetho's only goal was to paint the Hebrews in a negative way.

(6)How do we know Egyptian priest Manetho lied about the Hebrews? Exodus 1:8 clearly states a pharaoh arose in Egypt who knew not Joseph. It seems Joseph's name was purged from all Egyptian records before Moses was born. Egyptian kings despised the Hebrew shepherds as recorded in Genesis 46:34. The Egyptian kings therefore would have not written anything nice about the Hebrews.

(7)Egyptian kings were also hostile to other Egyptian rulers. They removed queen Hatshepsut, Akenaton, Semenkhare, Tutankhamon and Ay's names from all Egyptian records. The Egyptian historians simply were not honest.

(8)The research given here gives new insights on actual Egyptian and Biblical connections in ancient history.

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