Could the Hyksos Kings Have Been Mere Administrators at Avaris?

by Lujack Skylark

Chronicle of the Pharaohs list only five Hyksos kings. The Hyksos/Canaanites entered Egypt at the same time Jacob entered Egypt in 1702 B.C. (Abraham lived 1992-1817 B.C. Isaac 1892-1712 B.C. Jacob 1832-1685 B.C. Joseph 1741-1631 B.C. Jacob enters Egypt at age 130 in 1702 B.C.)

The Hyksos entered Egypt during the global famine. (Genesis 41:57) Joseph served an Egyptian king as governor, reigning from Heliopolis when the Hyksos were living at Avaris during Egyptian king Senusret III's 1724-1685 B.C. reign.

Hyksos king/administrator Sheshi reigned 1702-1699 B.C. bringing his people into Egypt, exchanging horses for bread. (Genesis 47:13-17)

Hyksos king/administrator Yukubher (name=Yakov/Yakub/Jacob) reigns 1699-1690 B.C. when Jacob is still alive.

Hyksos king/administrator Khyan 1690-1660 B.C. reigning at Avaris has trade with the Minoans on the island of Crete and Babylon. Egyptian king Amenemhet III 1685-1640 B.C. has trade with the Cretan Minoans and Babylonian king Ammi-ditanni 1683-1647 B.C.

Hyksos KING Apepi I 1660-1619 B.C. has good relations with Amenemhet IV 1640-1631 B.C. & queen Sobekneferu 1631-1628 B.C. Sobeknefer reigns for 3 years. Kamose reigned at Thebes those same 3 years. Apepi I slays both Kamose and his father Seqenenre Tao in Egyptian civil war.

Abydos Egyptian king list mentions the next king after Amenemhet IV is Ahmose.

Hyksos KING Apepi II or Khamudi 1619-1608 B.C. wars with Thebean king Ahmose 1628-1603 B.C. and Ahmose drives the Canaanite/Hyksos out of Egypt.

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Jan 02, 2013
Amenemhet III & Apepi I
by: John

Amenemhet III 1685-1640 B.C. and Apepi I 1660-1619 B.C. at Avaris near Tanis makes sense.

Apepi I inscibed his name on Amenemhet III's sphinxes found at Tanis. Then the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus is the icing on the cake. Its original was produced by Amenemhet III and Apepi I in the 33rd year 627 B.C. One year after queen Sobeknefru had died Apepi I makes a copy of the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus.

Why doesn't Egyptian historians acknowledge these facts so archaeologist can connect Egyptian and Syrian archaeological finds in the proper time sequence and end the debate?

We know Joseph served an Egyptian king (Senusret III) who first crowned him governor of Egypt (Genesis 41:39-43) and Joseph dealt with the Hyksos Canaanites. (Genesis 47:13-17)

Joseph actually lived between 1741-1631 B.C. Joseph served all three Egyptian kings:
Senusret III 1724-1685 B.C.
Amenemhet III 1685-1640 B.C.
Amenemhet IV 1640-1631 B.C.
(Dates given in Biblical Chronological Time)

The Hyksos Canaanite chieftains at Avaris served Joseph:

Sheshi 1702-1699 B.C.
Yakubher 1699-1690 B.C.
Khyan 1690-1660 B.C.
Apepi I 1660-1619 B.C.

All the time Joseph was alive these Hyksos lived in peace. When Joseph died Amenemhet IV was assassinated by Seqenenre Tao and this prompted Apepi I to slay Tao. Tao's son Kamose reigned at Thebes while queen Sobekneferu reigned at Itj-tawy; and both reigned 1631-1628 B.C. and both were killed in the civil war.

Abydos Egyptian kings list Amenemhet IV is followed by 10 year old Ahmose who reigns 1628-1603 B.C. Apepi II or Khamudi reigns at Avaris 1619-1608 B.C. Ahmose would drive the Canaanite Hyksos out of Egypt in the first Exodus.

The children's story about a hippo's roar at Thebes during Tao's brief stay there waking up Apepi I some 500 miles away starting this war just doesn't jive with reality.

Mar 12, 2012
Hyksos Pottery Absent
by: Lance

Hyksos administrators Sheshi, Yakubher, Khyan and Apepi I used the same pottery as did the Egyptians living in the reigns of Senusret III, Amenemhet III and Amenemhet IV.(12th dynasty)

Archaeologist Janine Bourriau discoveries at Lisht and Dashur prove there was no Hyksos pottery. Thebean pottery appears when Ahmose relatives begin their war against the Hyksos.

These four Hyksos administrators lived in Egypt's 12th dynasty and the 5th Apepi II or Khamudi was expelled from Egypt by 18th dynasty king Ahmose.

This theory about the Hyksos being administrators then warriors seems highly likely.

Mar 12, 2012
The Rhind Papyrus
by: Anonymous

The Rhind Payrus is an Egyptian mathematical document written in hieratic script during Amenemhet III reign 1685-1640 B.C.

The Rhind Papyrus was recopied in Apepi I's 1660-1619 B.C. 33rd year in 1627 B.C. one year after Egyptian queen Sobekneferu had died.

Queen Sobekneferu 1631-1628 B.C. used mathematical Nileometers to measure Nile flooding.

A few archaeologist believe the mathematical document maybe describing mathematical relationships encountered first at the Step Pyramid in the Old Kingdom.

Joseph lived 1741-1631 B.C. Joseph died four years before the Rhind Papyrus was recopied.

Babylonian Amorite king Ammi-saduqa 1646-1626 B.C. He ended Babylonian slaves being sold in Egypt. He used mathematical calculations in his study of the moon, stars and planet Venus.

Egyptian king Amenemhet III 1685-1640 B.C. who had accepted Babylonian Amorites slaves.One of his scribes wrote the original Rhind Papyrus.

The history of the Egyptian kings along with the Hyksos chieftains seem to match. Hyksos chieftain Apepi I became king after queen Sobekneferu died. Apepi I ended Egypt's civil war in 1628 B.C. Thebean king Ahmose restarts the war after Apepi I dies.

Math must have been important to the Canaanite Hyksos since they recopied the Rhind Papyrus.

Mar 10, 2012
Egyptian Pharaohs and Foreigner Hyksos
by: Lance

We have Joseph receiving a signet ring, fine linen, a gold chain around his neck and the second chariot from THE EGYPTIAN PHARAOH. (Genesis 41:42-43)

We have Joseph managing both Egyptian and Canaanite economies. Joseph trades Egyptian bread for CANAANITE HYKSOS horses. (Genesis 47:13-17)

Of course the Hyksos Canaanites lived under the rule of the Egyptian pharaoh. They entered Egypt in a pharaoh's reign who owned all the land of Egypt except the priest's land. (Genesis 47:20-22)

There was only one Egyptian king who broke the power of the land owning nomarch's. The Egyptian king was Senusret III.

Joseph age 30 became the second most important person in Egypt. For 80 years there would have been no wars against foreigners in Egypt until Joseph died at age 110.

The Hyksos kings/chieftain Apepi I was the 1st Canaanite turned warrior. The theory Hyksos kings might have been administrators might really be true.

Mar 05, 2012
Wadi Maghara
by: John

The names of the Hyksos kings are missing at Wadi Maghara, an important mining site in Sinai. Why?
Let us speculate.

Four Hyksos kings/chieftains/or administators: Sheshi, Yakubher, Khyan and Apepi I must have served three Egyptian kings - Senusret III, Amenemhet III and Amenemhet IV. Why?

The Hyksos kings had no mining activity at Wadi Maghara. Turquoise was worth a fortune in trade value. If the Hyksos controlled most of Egypt, would not they have left their mark at Wadi Maghara?

Amenemhet III was the last king to mine at Wadi Maghara. Amenemhet IV reigned and may have sent miners there. Thebean Ahmose involved in Egypt's civil war sent no miners to Wadi Maghara. The next king, his son Amenhotep I, restarts mining at Wadi Maghara.

Egyptian historians want us to believe there is 200 years between the 12th and 18th dynasties, when actually the 12th dynasty ends with Amenemhet IV and begins with Ahmose's 18th dynasty. (Abydos Egyptian kings list. The next king listed after Amenemhet IV is Ahmose)The mines then were closed only for 28 years.

3 years queen Sobekneferu's reign + Ahmose 25 year reign = 28 years the mines were closed.

Would you close a bank for 200 years or 28 years?

Feb 26, 2012
Foreigners in Egypt
by: Ken

The foreigners flowing into Egypt needed some of their leaders to keep peace during the global famine.

It is quite possible the 12th dynasty last three kings appointed Hyksos administrators at Avaris.

Egyptian chronology is the base in which all other cultures are judged.

The 12th dynasty, listed 1991-1782 B.C., dropped to 1843-1628 B.C. means the Amorite kings at Babylon 1895-1595 B.C. had trade with Egypt's 12th dynasty.

Syrian and Canaanite pottery's 150 year gap can now be closed.

Feb 26, 2012
Hyksos being Avaris Administrators
by: John

All nations came to Egypt to buy corn because the famine was so sore in all lands. (Genesis 41:57)

Great reason for Avaris to become an international city, providing Hyksos with administration positions while Joseph was governor at Heliopolis (Biblical On Genesis 41:45).

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