Ur of The Chaldees: The Forefather of the Hebrew Race

by Metayah
(London. UK)

Ur Kaśdim: The Birth Place of a Nation.


Ur Kaśdim, or Ur of the Chaldees, (אוּר כַּשְׂדִים) is the town in the Hebrew Bible and related literature where Abraham (origin. Abram Gen. 17.5) may have been born. The traditional site of Abraham's birth is in the vicinity of Edessa, although Ur Kaśdim has been popularly identified since 1927 by Sir Charles Woolley with the Sumerian city of Ur, in southern Mesopotamia, which was under the rule of the Chaldeans — although Josephus, Islamic tradition, and Jewish authorities like Maimonides all concur that Ur Kaśdim was in Northern Mesopotamia — now south-eastern Turkey (identified with Urkesh, Urartu, Urfa, and Kutha respectively).

Ur Kaśdim is mentioned four times in the Tanakh or Old Testament, with the distinction "Kaśdim" traditionally rendered in English as "of the Chaldees", referring to the Chaldeans. In Genesis, the name is found in 11:28, 11:31 and 15:7. In Nehemiah 9:7, a single passage mentioning Ur Kaśdim is a paraphrase of Genesis.

Although not explicitly stated in the Tanakh, it is generally understood to be the place where Abraham was born. (Genesis 11:27-31 names it as the birthplace of Abraham's brother Haran, and the point of departure of Abraham's family.) The Book of Jubilees states that Ur Kaśdim was founded in 1687 Anno Mundi (year of the world) by 'Ur son of Keśed, presumably the offspring of Arphaxad, adding that in this same year, wars began on Earth.

"And 'Ur, the son of Keśed, built the city of 'Ara of the Chaldees, and called its name after his own name and the name of his father. (i:e, Ur Kaśdim = Ur of the Keśeds)" (Jubilees 11:3) It also represents Abraham's immediate ancestors as dwelling in Ur Kaśdim beginning with his great-grandfather, Serug.

Wikipedia, the free Encyclopaedia, Jewish sources say very little about the location of Ur Kaśdim. In Genesis 12:1, after Abraham and his father Terah had left Ur, Kaśdim for the city of Haran (spelled differently in the Hebrew text than the name of Abraham's brother) in Aram-Naharaim, God instructs him to leave his land, his moladet, and his father's house.

The traditional Jewish understanding of the word moladet is "birthplace". (See for example the Judaica Press translation.) In Genesis 24:4-10, similarly, Abraham instructs his servant to bring a wife for Isaac from his land and moladet, and the servant departs for Aram Naharaim. The general Jewish understanding is thus that the birthplace lay in Aram Naharaim. This view was noted in particular by Nachmanides (Ramban). This understanding of the term moladet as "birthplace" is not universally agreed; most translations, from the Septuagint to modern English versions, typically render it as "kindred" or "family". However, a further reference in Genesis 24 to the area of Aram Naharaim as being the eretz moladet, i.e. "land of nativity" of Abraham from which a wife is to be found for Isaac, appears to corroborate the traditional Jewish understanding.

The Talmud (Yoma 10a) identifies the Biblical city of Erech with a place called "Urichus". T. G. Pinches in The Old Testament in the Light of the Historical Records and Legends of Assyria and Babylonia, and A. T. Clay, writing in the International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia article, Ur of the Chaldees, understood this as an identification of Uruk (modern Warka) or Biblical Erech with Ur Kaśdim.

However no tradition exists equating Ur Kaśdim with Urichus and the latter is understood by modern scholars as a reference to Uruk which is indeed identified with Erech. The traditional site of Abraham's birth according to Islamic tradition is a cave in the vicinity of the ancient Seleucid city of Edessa. Edessa is now named Şanlıurfa, and the cave lies near the center of this modern city and is the site of a mosque called the Mosque of Abraham. The Turkish name Urfa for the city is derived from earlier Syriac ܐܘܪܗܝ, Orhāy and Greek Ορρα, Orrha.

The tradition connecting Ur Kaśdim with the site is not exclusively Islamic. The 18th century anthropologist Richard Pococke noted in his "Description of the East", that it was the universal opinion
of the Jews that Urfa was Ur Kaśdim.

Scholars are skeptical of the identification of Ur Kaśdim with Urfa. Although the origin of the Greek and Syriac names of the city are uncertain, they appear to be based on a native form, Osroe, the name of a legendary founder, the Armenian form of the Persian name Khosrau (Chosroes). Similarity with "Ur" would thus be accidental. Ammianus Marcellinus in his Rerum Gestarum Libri (chapter VIII) mentions a castle named Ur which lay between Hatra and Nisibis.

A. T. Clay understood this as an identification of Ur Kaśdim although Marcellinus makes no explicit claim in this regard. In her Travels (chapter xx), Egeria mentions Hur lying five stations from Nisibis on the way to Persia, apparently the same location, and she does identify it with Ur Kaśdim. However, the castle in question was only founded during the time of the second Persian Empire. Eusebius in his Preparation for the Gospel (chapter 17) preserves a fragment of the work "Concerning the Jews" by the first century BCE historian Alexander Polyhistor, which in turn quotes a passage in "Concerning the Jews of Assyria" by the second century BCE historian Eupolemus, which claimed that Abraham was born in the Babylonian city Camarina, which it notes was also called "Uria". (Such indirect quotations of Eupolemus via Polyhistor are referred to as Pseudo-Eupolemus.)

This site is identified with the Sumerian city of Ur located at Tell el-Mukayyar, which in ancient texts was named Uriwa or Urima. Ur was the sacred city of the moon god and the name "Camarina" is thought to be related to the Arabic word for moon, qamar, although Camarina is in fact the name of an ancient city in Sicily. The identification with Ur Kaśdim accords with the view that Abraham's ancestors may have been moon-worshipers, an idea based on the possibility that the name of Abraham's father Terah is related to the Hebrew root for moon (y-r-h).

Jewish tradition relates, however, that Terah worshiped many gods and the argument along this line remains weak. Ur lay on the boundary of the region called Kaldu (Chaldea, corresponding to Hebrew Kaśdim) in the first millennium BCE, and the site remains the most popular identification of Ur Kaśdim amongst scholars.

Jubilees XI:3 And ’Ûr, the son of Kêsêd, built the city of ’Arâ of the Chaldees, and called its name after his own name and the name of his father (i.e., Ur Kaśdim = Ur of the Keśeds)". The identification of Arphaxad as Kesed-Kasdim, and the "father" of the Chaldean race, will place him as been one of the ancient fish men or wise men astrologers of ancient Chaldea and hence ancient Sumer.

If indeed one was to accept this to be true in light of the preceding narrative, then it would surely make Arphaxad, not so much the "father" of the Chaldeans, but rather one of the founding fathers of a priestly caste to which his son Ur, and subsequently all the Hebrew forefathers, ultimately belonged.

An unbroken priesthood stretching all the way to the very last of them all; Jesus Christ the son of God, and all bearing the same sacred symbol, that of the fish, a divine symbol whose roots lie in the cult of the god of the deep, En.ki, the Sumerian god who descended from another planet we are told, and who created mankind in the image of the gods of Sumer.

The story of Abraham and the Hebrews then is no ordinary story, and his call to worship was by no means a simple choice, the bloodline of the "fish men" would find fulfillment in the son of God, Jesus Christ "the fish". There is a quote from a well know Biblical historian concerning the ancient priesthood of the fish god Dagon which reads:

"As to the ritual of his worship (Dagon)... we only know from ancient writers that, for religious reasons, most of the Syrian peoples abstained from eating fish, a practice that one is naturally inclined to connect with the worship of a fish-god.". The Catholic Encyclopaedia, 1913, Encyclopaedia Press, Inc

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May 20, 2014
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Ur built by Peleg
by: Elijehovah

Hmmm mistaken Nimrod's are Reu son of Peleg who is Reu the first king, his rule ending on Dec 25 anointing is also mistaken as birth of Nimrod kingship in the name of Meskiag. Nimrod is mistaken as the death of Reu in 2001bc winter solstice; he is mistaken as Ur -Nammu who began ruling Ur to enlarge the ziggurat to keep citizens from going to Babel in 2009bc to pave Marduk Street. He is confused as the son Shulgi as if Ur-Nammu is Cush. And he is confused as AmarPal as the son as if Shulgi is Cush, and UrNammu is Ham. Then he is confused as Ibbi-Sin who is killed when Ur is destroyed in 1900bc and the city division begins. He is confused as being killed in 1868bc because Shem's death is a Marduk new year, and Marduk is Mars set and rise being claimed as Nimrod's death and rebirth to heaven. Nimrod is claimed as the Marduk year 1842bc because Esau goes hunting that year at 16. Nimrod is claimed as dying the year 1881bc because that is the first king of Babylon (1894bc) ending his rule for the Marduk year 1881bc. Mars is 13 years, so the king his given a record of 14 years.
There is so, so, so much lacking in these web articles based on language only with no mathematical calendar nor astronomy being accounted for to prove who is and who is not.
How sad.

May 20, 2014
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The Real Ur
by: Malachi's Elijah

The first king is REU not Nimrod. Peleg just feels that his son Reu can tell elders what to do in Ur (2207bc) the way that Nimrod told elders of Kish what to do in building Babel.

Reu A.Anipada did not die at the end of his 80-year rule, and the 60-year calendar is his (Reu is Chinese Yu). His anointing Meskiag-Nannar is on Christmas Dec 25 (2127bc) only because it happens to be the 10th month when they anoint, to be kings 90 days later on the 360-day new year. It honors 243-year Venus Nannar cycle. Five points = 1215 years. Haran was born in Ur, but at 18 he went to Babel to build Marduk Temple with Nimrod (2060bc), and then the same year to Nineveh to build that. And then at 29, in his 30th year, he built Harran so that Abram was not born in the 32nd year of his brother Haran as Book of Jubilees claims, but in the 32nd year of his brother's city Harran outside west of Nineveh when his brother would have been 60.

BUT his brother is A.Kalumdug the (grand) son of Nahor Mes.Kalumdug, where Haran came back to Ur to commit ritual suicide with Nahor and 68 wives and 4 guards to go to heaven on the same date the year after Peleg Mes.Anipada the founder of Ur died. This is 11 years before Abram is born. The Egyptian Christmas date is 2029bc Kayak 24 (dead Kayak 25 on May 6). And will later be confused with the Greek 2021bc Dec 25 Christmas of Noah's death. The suicide split UR because Hyksos left Ur in 2030bc at the thought it was even being planned, and Asians left after the suicide in 2029bc and all mythology calls this the Monkey year - when kings had to escape and scattered fleeing like panicked monkeys.

The Chinese Korean Japanese Mayans went north to build Mari Syria until destroyed in 1762bc (telling Jacob to flee Harran), and captive in Babylon until Amizaduga's death in 1625bc they went to India with the 2nd wave of Hindu who were in Babylon since Ur's destruction in 1900bc. The suicide of 2029bc didn't effect Hindu who stayed dwelling in 3rd dynasty Ur.

But they went to India at its 1900bc destruction and death of king Ibbi-Sin (at this time about the 5th king mistaken as Nimrod) and the Asians joined Hindu in India in 1625bc with the rest of Hindu leaving Babylon's division at Amizaduga's death.

May 20, 2014
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There is no Ur of Kesed person
by: Anonymous

There are many fathers to Chaldea (Shem who doesnt want it), Arpaxad who is merely genetic foundation, meaning he is born after the Flood so another reason Shem is not used as foundation because Shem is born before the Flood.

Then Shelah is called the foundation for 3 reasons, because 3rd dynasty Ur as Chaldea isn't destroyed yet when Arpaxad died. It is destroyed the year Shelah dies. And since all of Chaldea is called Arpaxad's son (in fact The Fallen Son, Cain, Kenan, Canaan, Cainan) the whole people are mistook as brother of Shelah, or father of Shelah, etc. The whole people are merely singularized as Cainan the son of Arpaxad, or as Chaldea the son of Arpaxad,but they are also son of Shelah for 30 years after Arpaxad dies in 1930bc and Hittites come destroy Ur in 1900bc.

The founder of Ur came from Kish (Cush). They are not sons of Kish. Eber merely moved to Kish, or even helped build it with cousin Cush, and raise his son Peleg there beside the little-bit older Nimrod. When Peleg didn't like Nimrod commanding older men in the Babel building project as a mere observatory outside Kish, Peleg left and built Ur. And this is why the kings of Ur are called kings of Kish, because people living in Ur had come from Kish.

But they are of Eber, not of Cush. Peleg is Mes.Anipada - the founder of Ur. We have a grocery list of his wife. We have all her jewelry from her crumbled decayed missing wood jewelry box, so that until recently they thought all that mass was one over-whelming head-dress, as if she would wear it all.

May 20, 2014
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Jesus has nothing to do with a fish god!!!
by: Anonymous

Your article is very interesting and it seems well researched apart from one major aspect - you clearly don't know much about Jesus and what He taught or who He is!

Jul 26, 2013
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Cainan = Chaldea 3rd dynasty Ur falls at Shelah's death
by: Elijahovah

The Promise that Abram got is the one we all have. That being born male is a right to have a son to carry on truth for God. Without a son you cannot do that. This is why the failure of Egyptian Ishmael is part of the story. It is also why it says your homeland has gone wicked so that it has made you infertile. So now go to the cursed land where your sons will remain alive when they all die from their wickedness. Abram had no concept at all that his nation would get Canaan by killing them all. BUT this is why in killing them, Moses taught Joshua to let all natural laws cause it. And this is what you find, they didn't just go in as a war, they applied physical laws. Studied the non-mortared stones of Jericho and then stamped and pounded and blew trumpets until the stones vibrated off. Few people realize that it was all the work and pounding that shifted the flat pyramid stones to slide out and also collapse the higher they got (creating the tower of Babel collapsing tradition).

Jul 26, 2013
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Chaldea
by: Elijahovah

The book of Jubilees says they built Shinar for 43 years (1645-1688am) of which is the year 1687-1688am in the article. However, this clearly indicates that Chaldea (The Son) known as Cainan (the dead son, or wayward son) was built in the year 130 of Arpaxad. (130 years span 128 of 360-day, 133 years span 131 of 360-day). The tradition of Damascus Tower of Lebanon is year 133am. Mars (the Chaldean word for The Son) has a 13-year cycle of new year as 130 years of Arpaxad.

Thus how is it that Jubilees is year 1307am for Flood and 1656am for Noah's death (rebirth into heaven, be it 1306+350 or 1307+349),
versus rebirth thru Flood 1656am, versus Greek birth in 1656am to Flood 2256am. Upon analysis of the year 1687am it is 1556am Flood plus the 131 shown in all other traditions of this Chaldea after the Flood.

The only other variations is a double cycle which is 139x 360-day = 137 Julian exactly, and 144 years x365 =146x 360 (72x365 = 73x360, as in Seder Olam 2105bc Flood to 2033bc Persian Pamenot 1 July 17 at Memphis, or Egyptian Pamenot 1 July 12 at Thebes. Thus Jubilees shows a proven origin from a 1556am Flood converted to 1307am Flood.

Feb 26, 2012
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Abraham May Have Changed Beliefs
by: Mayang

It could be true that Arphaxad, the forefather of Abraham, is a priest of a religion in Chaldea or Babylon. And maybe Ur of Kesed, the son of Arphaxad, and Abraham and Terah may have believed the deities (gods and godesses) in Babylon and Chaldea.

Abraham and Terah and his brother went to a place west.... and they pitched a tent in the Northeast near Israel. They called it Haran.

In Haran Terah died and God said to Abraham to live in the land of Canaan. I think when God said to Abraham to go to Canaan, Abraham didn't believe anymore in the dieties of Babylon and Chaldea.

I think at that time Abraham sensed a supernatural power; and I think it's a voice of God the Creator who said to him to live in the land of Canaan.




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