Adam and Eve


The life of Adam and Eve reaches a turning point in Genesis 2:18. Previously, Adam had reigned in Eden alone.

God had sought a suitable helper for Adam, but was unable to find one amongst the animals. God, thus, created a new life out of Adam.

"And the Lord God said, 'It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a help meet for him" (KJV)

Most versions translate "helper", "mate", "companion", etc. The phrase literally translates out as "a helper like man". The next verses indicate God formed the animals first, rather than Eve, and gave Adam dominion over them.

However, no animals were able to be found suitable for Adam, because animals are not like man. Thus, God created a life like man, by creating that life out of man. Adam and Eve were to be connected in a most profound way.

Genesis 2:21-22

"And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept; and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof. And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man."

The word translated "rib" is a poor translation. Out of the 35 times tsela appears in the Old Testament, this is the only time it is translated as "rib".

Most of the time this word is translated as "side", and indicates companionship and equality. The life of Adam and Eve was to be one of equality and harmony.

Hence, the command in Genesis 2:24, which explicitly states that a man and a woman shall leave their home and become one. This is the very first commandment having to do with the institution of marriage, and it is for a monogamous marriage.

This ideal was at times relaxed, once sin was introduced into the world. Their life, though, was lived in monogamy, as far as Scripture indicates.

Adam and Eve are cast from Heavey by God

The word "woman", is the Hebrew isha, because it was out of man, ish, that she was made. As they were still without sin, they were both naked, and without shame. They were truly one spirit and one flesh.

Adam and Eve were God's original intention, unflawed as of yet, and had no reason to view nakedness as vulnerability, wrong, evil, shameful, etc. They were given instructions to be fruitful and multiply.

It is believed by old Jewish traditions the children of Adam and Eve numbered 56. Adam had 33 sons and 23 daughters. It was from this offspring that the Ancient world would populate itself, and Eve truly would become the mother of all that lives. The life of Adam and Eve was a life of abundance. God had provided an abundant Paradise for His prized creations.

Adam and Eve & The Fall

The story was about to take a tragic downturn. Genesis 2:17 records God's first command to Adam. It should be noted the command was given before Eve had been created. Adam was the original recipient of God's instruction.

"but you must not eat of the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die.".

When God told Adam and Eve that they would die, His intention was not that they would die immediately after eating the fruit. If this were so, then nobody would be left to populate the earth.

God meant, instead, that they would die a slow death, over time. With death came decay, suffering, pain, and loss. These concepts were not in God's original plan. The serpent, however, shows his cleverness, and twists this to imply God meant they would die immediately upon eating the fruit.

Genesis 3 introduces the serpent into the story of Adam and Eve.

"Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, ' Indeed, has God said, You shall not eat from any tree of the garden? "

The serpent surely knows what God has said to Adam and Eve. However, he wants to discredit God through hint and deception in any way possible. The question seems to leave a lingering implication of an unreasonable God.

William Black depicts Eve tempted by the Serpent

Eve entices her curiosity by answering the serpent. In all likelihood she knew this was not a good situation to be in. Perhaps, however, as evil was unknown, Eve truly possessed an innocent naivety. In any ways, she opened the door for Satan's attack, and would forever alter not only their lives, but the whole of mankind as well.

Genesis 3:2-3

"And the woman said to the serpent, 'From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, 'You shall not eat from it or touch it, lest you die.' "

The serpent responds in seeming jest; "You surely shall not die!" (Gen. 3:4). Eve succumbs to this rationale, and tests the logic of the serpent.

Once She tastes from the tree, and lives, then naturally the next step is to approach Adam. It is a reasonable assumption that Eve justified her actions to Adam by using the same logic the serpent had used on her.

She ate the fruit, and was still alive, thus, it must not be that big of a deal. Adam and Eve had crossed a line from which they could never return.

Michelangelo's Creation of Eve

If Adam put up a fight, then scripture does not mention it. In fact, the passage gives the impression that Adam went along quite easily and willfully, In his guilt, when questioned by God in verse 12, Adam places the blame on God for putting Eve in the garden. In any way, sin was introduced into the world. Upon Adam and Eve's disobedience, their eyes became open, and they noticed each others' nakedness. Then Adam and Eve sew leaves together to use as coverings. The life of Adam and Eve had been corrupted by shame and deception.

When they hear God "walking in the garden, in the cool of the day" (Gen. 3:9), they run and hide. God immediately confronts them by asking why they would run and hide. When Adam answers because they were naked, then God asks the natural follow up question of; Who told you that?

Genesis 3:11 - "Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?"

The two now possessed knowledge of a condition they previously were unaware of. Because of this knowledge, according to God, man cannot be permitted to live forever. Man discovered disobedience, and God knew the heart of man would strive for more.

Thomas Cole portrays Adam and Eve leaving Heaven (1812)


It became necessary to limit man's days by preventing him from eating of the Tree of Life. Without the life giving fruit of this tree, man would eventually die. Death became the inevitability of the human condition.

The story of Adam and Eve in the biblical Garden of Eden was over. God cast them from the Garden of in the closing verse of chapter 3.

"So He drove the man out; and at the east of the garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim, and the flaming sword which turned every direction, to guard the way to the tree of life."

Study Resource

The Book of Adam and Eve: Also Called the Conflict of Adam and Eve is an apocalyptic book, perhaps written a few centuries before Christ or earlier. Solomon Caesar Malan translates this text from the Ethiopic, with notes from the Kufale, Talmud, Midrashim, and other Eastern works. Courtesy of Barnes & Noble, this is a must have for fans of ancient history and religion! Click on the link below to re-direct to and learn about The Book of Adam and Eve!

The Book of Adam and Eve: Also Called the Conflict of Adam and Eve

Seth's Line (seed of the woman - Genesis 3:15)

The life of Adam and Eve found delight in their son, Seth. In God's perfect creation, the history of Israel could have been traced down to Able , for he was the righteous seed of Adam. God had separated the seed of the serpent from the blessed "seed of the woman" in Genesis 3. Able was supposed to have transmitted that seed.  It was through him that God had planned to establish the nation of Israel.

Instead, the story of Adam and Eve found new birth in the line of Seth. God, as always, was not deterred by Satan's efforts to disrupt these plans. The promised "seed of the woman" that Satan had tried to crush with Cain, was reestablished through the line of Seth.

When Adam was 130 years old, God gave him and Eve another son by the name of Seth. Seth means "appointed, substituted". Ancient Israel was to be carried through the line of Seth.

A significantly different tone is taken with Seth's line than with Cain's.

Seth gives birth to a son, and calls him E'nos. The name E'nos means "mortal frailty", and perhaps Seth had realized the weakness of man to resist evil, and the ever dependence upon God to live a life of righteousness. Seth and E'nos were very Godly men.

Albrecht paints Adam and Eve under the Tree

Genesis 4:26 tells us that it was in the time of E'nos that men began to call upon the name of the Lord.

In stark contrast to the boasting and building of Cain's descendants, through Seth's line man began calling upon the name of the Lord.

This phrase should be taken to mean that for the first time man was meeting in public worship of the Lord, as opposed to the previous individual meetings.

It was through Seth, the substitution for Abel, that produced E'nos, who brought forth Cainan, who brought forth Mahalaleel, who brought forth Jared, who brought forth Enoch , who "walked with God, and was not, for God took him." (Gen. 5:24)

Enoch brought forth Methuselah, the oldest man in the Bible at 969 years of age before death, and Methuselah brought forth Lamech, the father of Noah.

The righteousness of God was preserved through the Sethitic Line due in part to the extremely long life spans of pre-flood ancient Israel.

Adam lived until Noah's father Lamech was 56 years old. Seth had only been dead 14 years when Noah was born. It was through Noah's line that God would preserve mankind. The lives of Adam and Eve had lasted hundreds of years. Lamech and Adam may have spent some time together.

Noah is the link between the ancient Israel before the Biblical flood , and the world as we know today, handed down throughout the history of Israel.

He no doubt spent countless hours listening to his father relate the stories of Adam, Abel and Cain, Seth, and the other patriarchs of Jewish history.

Surely Noah heard the stories about the rebellion of Cain, and the other "side" of the family. Through Seth the line was carried up to Noah.

Through Noah, the history of Ancient Israel would be carried through the flood, into the new post flood world.


The region of Havilah has an interesting place in the Bible. Genesis 10:7 lists one of Cush's son's name as Havilah, as well as a son of Joktan in

Genesis 10:29. Cush was a descendant of Ham, and Joktan of Shem .

This Havilah, believed to mean Sandland, possessed an abundance of gold and precious stones and substances.

The exact nature of the "onyx stone" mentioned is not known, but apparently it was quite valuable.

Bdellium, a precious gum, was also found in Havilah. This substance has been likened by some scholars to the "manna" found in Numbers 11:7. Bdellium is a thick, black, viscous substance closely related to petroleum, oil, and tar based substances. This substance was found abundantly in the region of Sodom and Gomorrah . This was a waterproofing agent as well. It was used to line the basket of the infant Moses.

Surely Adam and Eve spent time exploring this rich and extravagant land. Havilah had made quite an impression on the descendants of Adam.

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King David of Israel

The Tower of Babel

The Book of Isaiah

The Sons of Noah

The Garden of Eden

Cain and Able

The Genesis Flood



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